Employee Rotation is a job layout technique that determines how to move employees between two or more jobs in a planned manner. It is a process of job transfer between employees to expose those employees to different experiences and wider variety of job skills and requirements in order to increase job satisfaction and enhance flexibility of the working environment.
Rotating employees means performing the practice of transferring an employee from one activity to another work station in order to make the working environment more heterogeneous and thereby more flexible and effective. Such a practice aims to reach these major goals:
- Train employees through providing them with experience in all organizational activities.
- Reduce overload that occurs if too many duties and tasks are assigned to one worker.
- Offset boredom which may occur when a worker performs the same job over an extended period of time.
Employee rotation is effective if an employee is moved to a job that contributes to improvement of the employee’s skills and experience. Then this employee gains an opportunity to enrich his/her knowledge and learn new techniques and methods that help perform the job more effectively. Thus, effective employee rotation leads to accelerated development of personnel.