Process Types refer to the variety of processes classified by functions and goals. Process types define a framework for describing processes and explaining their nature to promote a common language of effective process management and provide a roadmap for process identification, evaluation, fulfillment and control.
There are four basic types of processes. These types are:
- Strategic. A strategic process clearly defines high-level objectives and assesses both internal and external situations to formulate a strategy, implement this strategy, evaluate implementation progress, and make adjustments as necessary to stay on track.
- Tactical. A tactical process identifies means by which a strategy is carried out and determines planned and ad-hoc activities meant to deal with demands of the current environment and move from one milestone to other in pursuit of strategic objectives.
- Management. A management process is intended to plan, control and measure performance of tactical processes in order to ensure successful completion of the processes, in line with strategic objectives.
- Operating. An operating process defines a set of procedures to deal with challenges of a given situation in order to achieve a desired result that supports tactical decisions.