Employee Experience is a qualitative characteristic of an employee, determining what amount and kind of work the employee can perform in a particular place of employment. It is measured as the total period of time the employee has spent working and training in a particular type of job. For instance, a 5-year experience in engineering means that an individual has worked as an engineer for 5 years.
Three main categories of employee experience can be identified as:
- Internal experience: when a person develops specific skills and gains knowledge at the principal place of employment.
- External experience: when a person takes job opportunities which are the same or similar to the principal place of employment.
- Ad-hoc experience: when a person obtains specific knowledge and develops certain skills through casual, part-time or vacation work.
Greater work experience lets an employee assume greater responsibilities and build a successful career. Typically, as much time an individual legally works for an employer(s) in a particular occupation (e.g. engineer, teacher, car driver) as many opportunities for promotion and career development he/she gains. A well experienced and skilled worker often gets higher remuneration as compared to workers having leaner experience.