Process Planning is a complex activity for developing a detailed plan of managing some process through establishing a general sequence of steps that determine the inputs, resources and outputs of the process. It aims to identify key activities and procedures required for completion to reach success in doing the desired process. It is a general concept that defines how to best use available resources and input data to produce desired outcomes.
The concept of process planning is widely used. In project management, it is a part of project planning and defines a set of steps to describe and develop project management processes. In manufacturing, it explains how to acquire necessary materials, organize workers and manufacture finished products. In business management, process planning determines how to create a better pathway of company development and growth.
Regardless of where the concept is used, there are three components for consideration when planning a process:
- Inputs: energy, work effort, materials, etc.
- Resources: people, machines, tools, technology, etc.
- Outputs: products, services, or other outcomes that are produced by transforming inputs through consuming resources.