Project Integration Management is a complex process of identifying, defining, combining, unifying and coordinating various activities and tasks of some project to develop a single framework for managing all the activities. Its purpose is to define characteristics of unification, coordination and articulation of project activities to meet stakeholder expectations and project goals.
As a rule, all activities and processes within a project are presented as discrete so it is hard for the team to determine how each individual activity relates to other activities and in what sequence to perform these activities. Managing the integration of project activities makes is possible for the team to focus on every single activity while understanding how this activity relates to other activities.
Project integration management serves as an authorizing mechanism to identify relationships between project activities and define which activities to perform in what order. A project manager who takes responsibility for integrating project activities should understand and do the following key steps to reach activity integration:
- Identify the content of Project Charter and be sure this document formally authorizes project launch.
- Make a project plan that specifies a detailed list of activities to be done to execute the project.
- Develop integration criteria that determine how activities relate to each other and how they should be unified and combined.
- Monitor and control activity change status.