Project Structure means a way in which the whole project administration and performance are organized – it may refer to a variety of project matters, including team, resources and work. For example a project management structure explains the hierarchy of the entire workforce involved in the project: who should report to whom, who should accept supervision from whom, what everyone is responsible for, etc. Usually such information is displayed with a help of a graph. Besides this, the project structure may be utilized to schematize relations between different functional divisions of a project (departments) – their tasks and subordination.
Project structure, when documented, is a visualization of certain project objects (e.g. manpower, divisions, tasks, resources, risks, etc) and interrelations of certain quality between them (such as seniority, ownership, priority, etc). For example you may structure a project in terms of its tasks or deliverables where each object (node of the schema) is associated with certain department, resources, risks, etc, as well as linked up to other objects in terms of their interdependencies.
To build a project structure you may need to:
- Divide the project down into building blocks to represent certain objects;
- Define an appropriate principle of their arrangement and interrelations;
- Select a compatible format of planning;