Project Team is an organized group of people who have been assigned to collaboratively performing individual and shared tasks in order to accomplish goals and produce deliverables (desired resulted) of the project. It is also regarded as a mechanism of joining people around the project to engage them in making collaborative efforts.
A typical project team consists of full-time and part-time human resources that jointly move the project towards successful completion. Every team member is supposed to carry out a specific set of individual duties as well as shared responsibilities while contributing to the overall teamwork progress.
There are three major roles within a typical project team. These roles are:
- Leader. It is a person who takes responsibility of team leadership, guidance, supervision and motivation.
- Member. Team members are those people who follow directions of the team leader and perform tasks.
- Contributor. It can be an independent expert or a supervisor who does not directly participate in decision making and team leadership but who provides some contribution to the overall teamwork progress (for example, through expert judgment, consultation, counseling etc.).