Schedule Management refers to a set of activities and procedures to direct and control completion of a project or process under a proposed schedule. It aims to develop a schedule that is effective in terms of time and resource estimates. A person or a group that follows such a schedule will be enabled to complete all scheduled tasks and activities on time and under resource needs.
The term is mainly used in project management to define a series of processes a project manager needs to carry out for sequencing project activities, estimating activity durations, determining resource needs, developing and controlling schedules. It is rather rarely used in business management to plan, manage and control business schedules and timelines.
Regardless of where schedule management is used, a person or a team needs to step through the following processes to develop and control an effective schedule:
- Define the total amount of working hours required to produce a desired outcome.
- Estimate resource needs to determine the total number of employees required to produce the outcome within available working time.
- Estimate work effort.
- Use work effort estimates to determine how many labor hours are required for every employee to do every scheduled activity.
- Develop a schedule that is based on in the previous data.