Task Category is a division of various and diverse tasks into a certain group or class in which tasks are of the same type. It includes homogeneous tasks that have similar or same characteristics or attributes. All those tasks are usually committed to a common goal, managed under the same requirements, and performed by the same individual or team. Some examples of task categories are Sales, Engineering, Project, Daily Job, others.
Grouping homogeneous tasks into categories refers to the process of task categorization. Such a process aims to classify and organize all existing tasks by type in order to make it easier for performers to do assigned tasks. The process results in creating task categories that may include several levels or sub-categories. The number of levels in the categorized hierarchy depends on how deeply it is needed to classify tasks by multiple interrelated types.
Multi-level categorization of tasks is often used in project management when there is a need to divide a project into simple dependent activities. A multi-level hierarchy of task categories and sub-categories makes it possible to plan projects by using activity-based planning. Such an approach allows managers to develop a project plan that includes multiple categories of various levels with interrelated tasks inside.