Task Delegation is a kind of working relationships between two or more people to transfer the authority for performing selected tasks in certain situations under definite rules and requirements. The parties involved in the relationships are the delegator (an employer or supervisor) and the delegate (one or several employees or subordinates). The delegator grants or transfers task authority to the delegate who is obligated to take the authority for executing duties and tasks and to report on task status and performance to the delegator.
Delegation of tasks is an effective way to share duties and responsibilities between managers and their subordinates. Through delegating employee tasks and jobs it is possible to retain acceptable performance levels and balance employee workload.
Effective task delegation requires a well established decision-making process that ensures transferring of right tasks to rights workers. Here are steps to effectively delegate tasks from a supervisor to an employee:
- Assess the situation to identify if there are resources required to sustain delegation
- Plan for specific task(s) to be delegated
- Assure appropriate authority of the delegator
- Transfer selected tasks to the delegate
- Supervise task performance
- Evaluate the entire delegation process.