Task Design is a specific way in which a task description, task execution plan, and its workflow are organized. This term stands for how a task is projected to be done in the best possible way. If a task has an optimal design, then minimum of administrative questions and problems will arise during the practical work, and vice versa – a poor task design will lead to confusions, wasting of resources and non-meeting of task constraints. When you plan a project, designing of particular tasks is the lowest level usually assigned to immediate performers and their supervisors, but it is a very important level yet, so performance should be controlled with a help of special policies and frameworks delegated to practical task planners and executers.
In order to create effective design for a task you need to plan, elaborate and harmonize essential design components, including:
- Task Scope (encased working activities, objectives and quality constraints);
- Task Support (powers which will drive a task towards its completion);
- Task Resources (time, budget, people and everything else essential);
- Task Risks (negative factors to be assessed and mitigated);
- Task Execution (statusing, workflow, action plan, toolset, etc);
- Task Success (successful performance criteria to measure actual work results);