Task Safety Analysis is also called Activity Hazard Analysis (AHA) or Job Safety Analysis (JSA): it means studying the work task to identify its risks and hence to determine the safest possible way to accomplish this work. It is a process to research the life and health threatening factors associated with a particular task, so specific actions to prevent an injury or illness can be taken. Results of Task Safety Analysis include certain employee safety and health-securing principles and practices implemented into the task or job performance routine.
Task Safety Analysis process usually comprises the following steps:
- Potential hazards or risks associated with a specific task are identified;
- Potential consequences of the identified hazards are studied;
- Actions to eliminate or mitigate the hazards are designed and implemented;
- Specific safety procedures and protective tools are handed out to employees;
- Safety level on the task is continually monitored, reviewed and improved;