Task Switching is a process when a person has several running tasks at the moment, so this person has to periodically redirect attention between them (switch tasks), so they all can be equally served. Task switching is a kind of multitasking, but while usual multitasking is a stressful, harassing, and counter-productive behavior, task switching aims to make multitasking process more controllable, civilized, and less detrimental to health of a worker and quality of results. Task switching can be organized well in a case when you know for sure what tasks your daily agenda will be consisted of.
The main point of task switching resides in the following assumptions:
- The worker mainly concentrates at preferably one or two major tasks;
- Other tasks are pushed out to periphery of the worker’s attention;
- The worker has a plan according to which he/she pays attention to other tasks;
- The worker uses to-do lists (checklists) to free up his or her mind from remembering things to be done, or thinking on how to accomplish them (effective workflows are used where possible);
- The tasks are switched orderly and purposefully, without ignorance or wasting resources;