Through decomposing a given project into tasks and smaller activities it is possible to identify and estimate resources required for this project. Task decomposition allows using a resource analysis of individual tasks and activities to develop a resource management plan for the entire project. The advantage of this method is that it lets create resource estimates from specific low-level tasks to general project processes and stages.
There are 8 steps in project resource planning through task decomposition:
- Develop task decomposition that shows tasks and their goals and includes milestones for status tracking
- Identify types of resources (labor, time, funds, materials & supplies, facilities, IT, equipment) required for every individual task to reach completion
- Estimate number of resources necessary for individual tasks
- Develop a summary of task resources
- Perform an analysis of available project resources and figure out if they are sufficient to meet resource needs of decomposed tasks
- Identify missing resources (if any) and define sources of acquiring those resources
- Develop a resource management plan that explains what resources to involve, where to acquire them and how to use them throughout the project
- Design a resource loading chart that reflects estimated effort of all project resources required to perform individual tasks in project breakdown.